A constructivist classroom is learner-centered, students are active learner and not just recipient of information, the teacher facilitate and guides students to learning. On the other hand, a traditional classroom is more on direct instruction and teacher-centered. Students are passive learner and its the teacher that directs and controls most of the learning activities.



  • Begins with parts of the whole
  • Emphasizes basic skills.
  • Begins with the whole in mind and expands to include the parts.
  • Emphasizes big concepts


  • Strict adherence to fixed curriculum
  • Student questions and interests are pursued


  • Based on repetition
  • Interactive
  • Builds on previous knowledge


  • Primarily textbooks and workbooks
  • Primary sources
  • Manipulative materials


  • Teacher is the main source of information
  • Students are recipients of knowledge
  • Teachers guide students to knowledge
  • Students construct their own knowledge

Teacher’s Role

  • Directive
  • Authoritative
  • Interactive
  • Mediatior
  • Rooted in negotiation


  • Testing
  • Correct answers
  • Student work
  • Observations
  • Points of view
  • Tests
  • Understanding that process is important part of the final product.


  • Seen as inert
  • Dynamic
  • Ever changing
  • Based on experiences


  • Work primarily alone
  •  Work primarily in groups

When I was college, some of my teachers used traditional way of teaching or direct instruction wherein the lesson at hand was being spoon fed to students. During examinations, for example, much of the pointers to review given by a teacher were exactly the same  that will appear on the test. Some though were like stating a privilege speech, where you would just listen to the teacher until the lesson was finished without having students interact/interrupt during the discussion, not until the teacher left the room leaving a seat work and then the students would interactively cheat and exchange answers with their classmates.

With this lesson, I now understand the importance constructive pedagogy in teaching for the student to optimize their learning. In addition, it would be more effective if it is combined with positive reinforcement as well as incorporating social learning theory, cognitive and behaviorism.



Module 6- Social Learning Theory

Module 6

Just what I thought the distant learning was just a piece of cake, but I was completely darn wrong. Balancing school and personal obligations have become a juggling act for me and it is overwhelmingly not easy. I would probably say that is more difficult than traditional setup.  In a traditional setting you get to have answers for your question right away because of the real time interaction with your teacher and classmates. Unlike online setting, getting answers from questions is not easily acquired because you have to wait for a period time to be answered.  In general and I think the most crucial factor in order to be successful in an online study class is motivation. Without motivation one cannot acquire the learning what he or she needs to achieve in this type set up. There is also the possibility to procrastinate (which is sometime I am guilty of) because you have to do the work at your own pace.

As a DE student for nearly two months, I have come to realize that being self-regulated and motivated is most crucial characteristic in order to be successful online student.




My mother- My mother is a self-made woman. Ever since I was a kid I have always admire her story of success.  Going to Manila alone to work as a maid at a very young age just to support her study is very profound for me. As a mama’s boy, she also my mentor, since I have introvert tendencies she always would always make sure to lift my spirit and boost my morale in order to face world.

My father- Like my mother, my father also came from an impoverished family. He only finished high school and has also gone to Manila to earn a living. Finding no luck, he went back to the province again to work as a farmer. He has worked so hard just to send us to school. With his practical wit, he is definitely one of my mentors and inspirations in life.

Carlos Bulosan- After accidentally reading his personal account book, “America in is the Heart”; it made an indelible impact on my perspective. Like my father and mother, Bulosan also came from a poor family. He could barely speak English when he went to America to be a peasant worker, but his quest for better education has made him a well-known writer and I somewhat associate myself with him and I hope could follow his footstep.



Module 5- Behavior

I can still remember vivid memories of my father using corporal punishment on me and my sister when we were young. It’s bizarre though that he could turn so sweet but could go ballistic when things were not going his way. But the good thing was he was able tone down the use corporal punishment on us as we age. The last time me and my sister got beaten up or spanked (I don’t know what degree :0) was when I was in the fourth grade but after that, he turns to be the coolest father in the universe, especially when we went in high school. I think that he used corporal punishment just to keep us grounded. In later years of our adolescent he turned out to be very supportive in everything that what we did. At times when would get good grades, he would cook special food and gave gifts even if there was no special occasion. His subtle way of motivating us has helped me and my sister to be disciplined and self-regulated in some ways.





Though flexibility and convenience are the main advantages of distance education, I find online learning more challenging than it may seem. To take an honest look at myself, I don’t feel that I have completely met my expectations or even optimized my learning but this experience has changed my perspectives a great deal. I want to emphasize that MOTIVATION is the most crucial part of this learning process. It not only sets in motion the activity resulting in learning, but also sustains and directs it. Time really flies so fast and the twelve weeks of learning seems really so tight and overwhelming but nonetheless and it has been a life changing experience for me.

My Learning Experience


One of the strengths I gain is the ability to REFLECT on my thoughts because I tend to think more deeply about the subject areas when responding in writing. I think that I am able to continually reflect on my classmate’s reflections because of the permanent display of the discussion postings online and that forces me to think twice about subject areas before posting a comment or an answer when I have to respond in writing. In regard to asynchronous environment, it really forces students to write carefully about their ideas because all of the discussion questions were not just for writing the answers; it tends to require reflections. On the other hand, since all my of my classmates here are all articulate, which sometimes can be quite overwhelming to deal with, devising a vocabulary list is really helpful in order to for me to vary my words as well as enhancing my writing skills.

Areas for Improvement:

  • Times constraint

One of the difficulties I have been running into is balancing my work and study. Working the graveyard shift is really hard so I really need to push myself hard in order for me to cope up and strike a balance between work and study. Time management is also crucial for me and I have come to realize how important time really is and how to manage it with utmost care.

Action plan:

Getting enough sleep

I will get enough sleep before attempting to read or study for me to get energized.


I will always reflect on my personal motivations in taking up this course.


Myth: “I work better under pressure”
Reality: They only work under pressure, and it increases their stress level.

This is the thing that I am guilty of and I have come to realize that procrastinating would likely bring me down. I really feel stressed out when I need to cram on things that I could have been prepared for. I hate the feeling of being off the hook, but if you don’t do it, you feel worse and more stuck than ever.

Action plan:

  • I will not wait for the “right mood” or the “right time” to tackle the important task at hand; I’ll just do it.
  • I will set realistic goals: break large projects into smaller steps.
  • I will remove distractions, rather than fight temptations.
  • I commit to stop this habit again.


My personal epistemological theory:

In conclusion, our own personal epistemology influences our own  theories of learning, and consequently, how we approach, design, and delivery it. In order for me to be successful at any of the theories of learning or epistemology tasks, I need to make a relatively conscious decisions to set aside my own current knowledge, understand the position of other individual and be able to linguistically articulate my thoughts.

I would like to thank Rhed (Reynaldo) Flores for pushing me to continue this course. Since day 1, he has always been a friend to lean on. Though he is one of the most active and genius student of this class, he would always make sure to tell me that he feels and shares the same moments of negativity that I feel JUST to make me feel less overwhelmed and JUST to make me keep on moving and he never fails to say the same thing over and over again every time I ask question whenever I feel lost – you have psyched me up a great deal. THANKS BUD!

Also, I would like to thank teacher Malou Juancho for the positive insights. You may seem intimidating and scary because I don’t know if you’re being lenient or strict, but so far you have motivated me start over again. You have been a perfect educator and a role model for me. I am forever grateful.

Lastly, to my colleagues at work, Team Nike, and especially my parents, Thank you all!


Intelligence- Module 4

What strategies do you use to learn?

Different people use different techniques when studying. Going back to school as a non-traditional student can be a real challenge so I need to find different approaches which are different from the traditional.  I’m a kind of person who learns best at a slow to moderate pace, so I really need to focus by reading over and over again in order to have an in-depth understanding about a certain topic at hand. Finding the proper time and mindset is really crucial for me; as well as eliminating internal and environmental distractions.

How do you know how well you have learned; what are your indicators of learning?

It’s a very interesting question and here’s what I thought that I came up with:

  • When I am able to perform an action then I have learned a skill
  • When I  see and hear something that I haven’t seen before or a novel situation
  • When it feels like a Déjà vu

According to your learning strategies, where do you (in practice) seem to stand in the nature-nurture debate?

I stand for both because it’s clear that biology and culture both have their roles to play in the formation of human behavior. The focus is more about figuring out how these elements shape human behavior. The idea that it’s primarily one or the other isn’t really bandied around. That isn’t to say that they don’t come into conflict now and then, of course.

 Are there ways in which you have already experienced multiple intelligence approaches in school, either with or without realizing it?

In addition to regular subjects like math and linguistics, schools also integrate Multiple Intelligence into every aspect of learning like music, art, creative movement, culinary and physical education. I remember when I was in High school elective subjects were also included like gardening, scouting, and public speaking. With the integration of these fields and other extra-curricular activities, students could find out where their strengths are and what they’re passionate about, and use that to move them in the direction of learning new skills.

How can you design your own learning (in your present courses) so that you can tap your multiple intelligences?

Well in my present courses I always see to it that I have thoroughly read a specific topic at hand before participating in in discussion fora with my classmates. And since communication skills are vital in online learning because students must seek help when they need it. I always make sure that I communicate with teacher and staff in full grammatically correct sentences with full respectful tone.



Praise and Motivation

  I want to point out the motivational consequences of praise. Provided that praise is perceived as sincere, it is particularly beneficial to motivation when it encourages performance attributions to controllable causes, promotes autonomy, enhances competence without an over-reliance on social comparisons, and conveys attainable standards and expectations. When I was a newbie at work I was able to put my name on top of the list. This was because I was always been praised by my superior every time I go to work on time, meeting goals (QA monitoring and following adherence). Back then, I felt very motivated every time I go work. To my surprise, I was able to be the top performer on the third month of my stay. With that, I was able to establish a positive impression to my colleagues.

However, after reading some articles online on motivation, I found out that there are also negative consequences of praise especially in schools.  Praise for ability or intelligence may lead children to adopt a performance goal orientation toward their achievement in which the documentation of high ability levels through successful performance becomes their primary motivational aim. That is, telling children that they are smart when they perform well may cause them to want to continue to prove that they are intelligent by receiving high scores.

In a workplace, there are also downsides in giving employees too much verbal praise. Too much verbal praise can boost one’s ego. A manager must know his or her personnel and be aware of their personalities. There are those who need more verbal praise than others and as a manager one has to be able to maintain equilibrium between the different personality types. Jealousy amongst employees can arise when one person feels they are better than the other. “Favoritism” is somewhat prevalent in some organizations and more prevalent in others. When a certain individual is receiving too much praise, others begin to feel uncomfortable and this is because of their perception and insecurity.


One interesting experience I can share takes me back to my senior year in college. In September 2009, me and my group were busy making our team project for about a week at one of my classmate’s house in Marikina. We decided to settle on making our project at their house because it’s near our school. We would always go straight to their house almost every night after class to do the project. We were rushing to finish it because we only had two weeks left before the final defense. After few days of sleepless nights, we decided one day to postpone the meeting for us to get some rest. The next morning, the rain was pouring heavily and little did we know that it was the devastating typhoon Ondoy ravaging. Unfortunately, my classmate’s house was affected by the flood and so as the materials for the project that we were making got drenched. We felt really devastated because we had to start over again from scratch but we were still lucky though that the meeting was postponed because we could have been trapped there in Marikina. In spite of everything, my team leader stood up for our group by motivating us to start making the project over again. He delegated each member of the group a specific task in order to maximize the time. This time the team got so serious that no one would even crack a joke, no more horse play, and no one even bother check their cellphones. With cooperation and team work, we were able to able to finish the project ahead of schedule. Even though there were some glitches on the project during the presentation, we were still able to pass the course.


My Learning Style- Module 2

Until this module, I had never gotten a clear sense of my learning style.  Of course we learn throughout our lives, but returning to school as a non-traditional student can be a real challenge. Well, I thought learning online seemed to be that easy but I was wrong.  With every ease that comes with learning online comes a different level of difficulty.  One of the difficulties I am running in to now is balancing my job and learning online. Working the graveyard shift is really hard so I am really pushing myself to strike a balance between work and study.  Time management and personal motivation are really crucial for me. As to my learning pace, I am kind person who learns best at slow to moderate pace so I would associate my learning style through assimilation; but it really varies based on my personal feelings and state of mind.

Here’s what I found out after answering this online learning style inventory:

SECTION 1 (Doing & Watching)

Circle either “Doing” or “Watching” next to the statements below, depending upon the part of the statement you most closely relate to.

  1. Doing – I often produce off-the-cuff ideas that at first might seem silly or half-baked.

      Watching – I am thorough and methodical.

  1. Doing – I am normally the one who initiates conversations.

      Watching – I enjoy watching people.

  1. Doing – I am flexible and open minded.

     Watching – I am careful and cautious.

  1. Doing – I like to try new and different things without too much preparation.

     Watching – I investigate a new topic or process in depth before trying it.

  1. Doing – I am happy to have a go at new things.

     Watching – I draw up lists up possible courses of actions when starting a new project.

  1. Doing – I like to get involved and to participate.

Watching – I like to read and observe.

  1. Doing – I am loud and outgoing.

      Watching – I am quiet and somewhat shy.

  1. Doing – I make quick and bold decisions.

     Watching – I make cautious and logical decisions.

  1. Doing – I speak fast, while thinking.

     Watching – I speak slowly, after thinking.

SECTION 2 (Thinking & Feeling)

Circle either “Thinking” or “Feeling” next to the statement below, depending upon the part of the statement you most closely relate to.

  1. Thinking – I ask probing questions when learning a new subject.

      Feeling – I am good at picking up hints and techniques from other people.

  1. Thinking – I am rational and logical.

      Feeling – I am practical and down to earth.

  1. Thinking – I plan events down to the last detail.

      Feeling – I like realistic, but flexible plans.

  1. Thinking – I like to know the right answers before trying something new.

      Feeling – I try things out by practicing to see if they work.

  1. Thinking – I analyze reports to find the basic assumptions and inconsistencies.

      Feeling – I rely upon others to give me the basic gist of reports.

  1. Thinking – I prefer working alone.

      Feeling – I enjoy working with others.

  1. Thinking – Others would describe me as serious, reserved, and formal.

      Feeling – Others would describe me as verbal, expressive, and informal.

  1. Thinking – I use facts to make decisions.

      Feeling – I use feelings to make decisions.

  1. Thinking – I am difficult to get to know.

      Feeling – I am easy to get to know.


Task Preference

Total number of Doing:   1

Total number of Watching:   8

Task Preference: WATCHING


Emotional Preference

Total number of Thinking: 3

Total number of Feeling: 6

Emotional Preference: FEELING


Preferred learning style:  REFLECTING category:

  • Prefers to learn from activities that allows watching, thinking, and to review what has happened, such as brainstorming and cooperative groups.
  • Lectures may be helpful but only if they provide expert explanations and analysis.
  • Likes innovative and imaginative approaches to doing things.
  • Prefers to view situations from many perspectives.
  • Interested in people and tends to be feeling-oriented.

These are the two main conclusions I have reached in this study. First, it is good to see clearly who I am as a learner, where I have come from and how I can better relate to the whole world of learning. I can understand why some of the educational situations I experienced as unnecessarily hard or separating were the way they were and I can change some of that based on better knowing my needs. Second and more important, this knowledge gives me even more determination to stand for every child that I will teach in the future; for their unique learning style, their unique personality, and their unique circumstances.